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Glossary

Baseball Terminology

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ALDS is short for the American League Division Series

BABIP stands for Batting Average for Balls hit In Play

Balk is when a pitcher uses any motion against the baseball rules.

Bookmaker is an organisation or company that accepts bets on the outcome of a game, commonly referred to as a sports betting establishment, or sports book.

Bunt is when a batter tries to touch the ball with as little force as possible, normally used to get a base runner to the next base

Cleanup is the fourth batter in the batting order. Usually a power hitter.

Double play – A defensively play to result in two outs.

Foul ball -A ball that is hit outside the field of fair play.

Ground ball – A ball that is hit to the ground. Whether deliberately or not.

Home Plate – The base over which an offensive player bats, and to which he must return after touching all three bases in order to score a run.

Home Run – A play in which the hitter makes it around all bases and back to home plate without stopping at a base.

LDS is short for the League Division Series.

NLDS is short for the National League Division Series

Offense – The team currently batting.

Outfielder – A fielder who occupies a position in the outfield.

Pinch hitter – A replacement baseball hitter.

Power hitter – A strong batter that hits the baseball far, often for home runs or extra bases.

QuesTec* is a digital media company known mostly for its controversial Umpire Information System (UIS) which is used by Major League Baseball for the purpose of providing feedback and evaluation of big league umpires.

Rox is short for Rockies

Runner - A player who is advancing toward, touching or returning to any base.

Sabermetrics* is the analysis of baseball through objective evidence, especially baseball statistics. The term is derived from the acronym SABR, which stands for the Society for American Baseball Research. It was coined by Bill James, who was among its first proponents and has long been its most prominent advocate known to the general public.

Single – A play in which the hitter makes it to first base.

VORP stands for Value Over Replacement Players (see http://www.baseballprospectus.com/glossary/index.php?ltr=V&context=alpha for more details)

*all of these definitions and links are brought to you by Wikipedia